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    四級閱讀理解訓練6

    W hat is the importance of the Afro American history to all Americans? How could Afro Americans contribute anything to American history when they were just slaves and servants? This is the image which many of us are taught when we go to school. This is the image many Afro Americans have of themselves also. The Afro Americans need to remake their real historical image so that it is known and accepted in its truthfulness by themselves and the rest of the world. Men and women of darker color are human beings entitled to respect and acceptance in history. When we think of famous scientists and inventors we immediately think of men such as Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Jonas E.Salk. This is because we associate famous people with the Anglo Saxon race. But what about the Afro American inventors and scientists? How many men during World War Ⅰ owe their lives to Garrett Morgan who invented the gas mask? Garrett Morgan also invented the traffic light which saves numerous lives on our streets. Daniel Hale Williams was the first successful heart surgeon. Charles Drew saved hundreds of thousands of lives during World War II by his discovery of the ways and means of preserving blood plasma. Percy Julian has helped millions suffering from the excruciating pain of arthritis. These men and others should be as easily recognized as Bell, Edison and Salk.
      America is made up of many different blends of cultures. These many cultures have come to enrich and diversify the American way of life. We should not think, because history has neglected to include the background of a particular culture, that these people have an inferior history. We should search for the truth and set the record straight against the slanders, the stereotyping and false images which have identified these people. We should understand each of the cultures and learn of their specific contribution to America's life story.

      Only after we are taught the complete and accurate history of our great country and learn that the blending of cultures and backgrounds gives us ourstrength, can we go forward on the path to peace.

      36. The function of the first paragraph is to ____.
      A) present the main idea or the summary of the essay
      B) present an introduction to the topic
      C) provide background to the main theme
      D) present many cultures have contributed to American history

      37. Which of the following statements is true?
      A) Graham Bell, T.Edison and J.E.Salk are not very important people.
      B) Black people who contribute to society should have equal recognition with their white colleagues.
      C) We should not associate famous people with the Anglo Saxon race only.
      D) G.Morgan, D.H.Williams and Charles Drew were not Afro Americans.

      38. Paragraph three tells us that ____.
      A) we should oppose slander and stereotyping
      B) the American way of life is richer because it is made up of many cultures
      C) some cultures have been completely neglected
      D) Afro Americans have an inferior history

      39. The word “image” refers to ____.
      A) picture B) portray C) impression D) similar

      40. The main idea of the passage is ____.
      A) There are many Afro Americans who are famous as scientists and inventors
      B) Many Afro Americans have devoted to American history
      C) Afro American experience to American history
      D) Afro American history must be recognized as an important part of American history

    參考答案:
      36. 答案A。A. 寫明主要大意或本文的總結。根據全文可知A為正確答案。 B.表現出對主題的介紹; C. 提供出關于主題的背景; D.表現出各種各樣的文化對美國歷史的貢獻。

      37. 答案C。Bell,Edison及Salk都是重要的人。從文中我們知道他們都是美國歷史上很有成就的人,因此,A不是正確答案。 B對社會有貢獻的黑人應與他們白人同事得到平等的認可。文中談到的是黑人對美國歷史所作的貢獻應與白人一樣得到平等的認可,因此, B也不是正確答案。 C我們不應該僅僅將著名的人與盎格魯?薩克遜民族聯系在一起。 從文中我們知道,C為正確答案。 D. Morgan, Williams及Drew 不是非裔美國人,而文中說他們都是。 因此,D不正確。

      38. 答案B。A我們應該反對謠言與中傷。這只是第三段中的一部分, 因此不正確。 B美國人的生活方式是豐富的,因為它由許多文化組成。 這正是文中第三段所告訴我們的,因此為正確答案。 C有些文化已完全被忽視, 文中并未提到。 D非裔美國人的歷史不太重要,顯然與主題意思相反。

      39. 答案C。A圖像;B肖像;C印象;D相似。 image有“圖像”之意,但在本文中,從上下文看不是此意,應為“印象”之意。

      40. 答案D。本文的主要大意是非裔美國人的歷史應該作為美國歷史中重要的一個部分來認識。 A有許多著名的非裔美國科學家和發明家。B 許多非裔美國人為美國歷史獻身。 C非裔美國人受美國歷史影響。


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