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四級選詞填空之綜合解題法

綜合解題

  將選項分類之后,就得從文章中來尋找對應的線索了。選項與文章匹配的因素有兩個,第一是詞性,第二是詞義。所以在讀文章時,要通過各種手段來確定空格的詞性與意義。
  (一)確定詞性,確定選項的選擇范圍
  1)關于動詞的判斷
  前后都是名詞短語,中間是動詞 。
  根據一句(包括從句)有且只有一個謂動的原則,其它地方如無謂語動詞,則需要謂語動詞;反之則不需要謂語動詞。
  Nowadays, weather experts are able to forecast when an El Nino will 55 , but.
  (will后面必然是原形動詞,一起構成謂語)
  55. O strike
  Scientists 54 this to be the longest El Nino for 2,000 years.
  (此句后只有一個to be,是非謂語動詞,故空格必為謂語動詞;且空格前后均為名詞性,也基本確定它是動詞。)
  54. A estimate
  一個完整的句子之后再跟逗號,后面一般是非謂語動詞短語。
  The rainfall is increased across South America, 50 floods to Peru.
  (前面是一個完整的句子,逗號后跟的,一般是非謂語動詞短語。此題選項中非謂語動詞只有一個,故直選之。)
  50. L bringing

  2)其它詞的判斷
  形容詞或名詞修飾名詞,限定詞(the, this, that, a, my之類)后必有名詞
  This strange 47 happens every five to eight years.
  47. F phenomenon
  The hot, humid (潮濕的) air over the ocean causes severe 49 thunderstorms.
  49. E tropical
  El Nino usually lasts for about 18 months. The 1981-83 El Nino brought the most 52 weather in modern history.
  (www.702iv.com飾語,自然是形容詞。)
  52. J destructive
  副詞修飾形容詞或動詞
  …, but they are still not 56 sure what leads to it or what affects how strong it will be.(修飾形容詞sure, 當為副詞)
  56. I completely
  謂語動詞前有名詞主語
  This strange 47 happens every five to eight years.
  (happens是謂語動詞,也可知前面為名詞短語,缺一個核心名詞。)
  47. F phenomenon
  介詞后面必有名詞
  As the trade winds lessen in 48 , the ocean temperatures rise, causing the Peru current flowing in from the east to warm up by as much as 5 °C.

  (在介詞in的后面,當為名詞無疑,此處整個短語來修飾lessen減少,當為在某個方面減少。)
  48. B strength

  (二)句里句外,猜測詞義
  一看搭配:主謂賓、主系表與修飾 詞直接的搭配關系決定著詞的意義。所以先看它被誰修飾,與誰形成主謂賓關系。看一種關系不行就看另一個,靈活處之。
  This strange 47 happens every five to eight years.
  strange修飾47,也許看不出來是什么,再看47與happen形成主謂關系,能夠發生的是什么最好的當然是現象。
  47. F phenomenon

  二看邏輯:
  1.句內(狀語從句,解釋,并列等)
  As the trade winds lessen in 48, the ocean temperatures rise, causing the Peru current flowing in from the east to warm up by as much as 5 °C.
  此句有一個狀語從句,as表示的時間或因果關系,是重要的解題線索。風的什么減少,溫度就上升,當然是風的速度或風力。
  48. B strength
  So while some parts of the world prepare for heavy rains and floods, other parts face drought, poor crops and 51.
  空格與前面兩個名詞并列,意味著意思相近。與干旱、收成不好一致的,很容易選出starvation饑荒.
  51. K starvation

  2.前文(指代等、句間連詞)
  This strange 47 happens every five to eight years.
  This告訴我們,此處是重提前面講到過的某個東西。前面講到過的核心概念就是El Nino, 無疑是一種天氣“現象”。
  47. F phenomenon
  表示可從前文找相應線索的有兩類。
  與this一大類的還有:This/these/such; the same/similar; worse/better/more/less等。
  還有就是表示邏輯關系的句間連詞,或者叫連接副詞。主要的如下。
  遞進:Moreover/furthermore/what’more/besides/in addition/even/also
  轉折:however/but/rather/instead
  因果:therefore/consequently/accordingly/thus/hence

  3.后文
  El Nino usually lasts for about 18 months. The 1981-83 El Nino brought the most 52 weather in modern history. Its effect was worldwide and it left more than 2,000 people dead and caused over eight billion pounds 53 of damage.
  段落開始部分,提出一個總的概括性的說法。往往在下文有分述。El Nino究竟帶來的是什么樣的天氣,后面一句就交代得十分清楚。
  52. J destructive (dead , damage)

  (三)看習慣用法:固定搭配
  Its effect was worldwide and it left more than 2,000 people dead and caused over eight billion pounds 53 of damage.
  53. N worth 此處考的是worth這個詞的特殊用法。它本是一個形容詞,但可用…worth of sth, 來表明價值某物的某東西。
  e.g. The fire caused thousands of pounds' worth of damage.


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