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    2012.12 英語四級考試真題試卷(第一套)快速閱讀

    2012年12月 全國大學英語四級考試真題試卷(第一套)在線真題練習——快速閱讀部分,本站(www.702iv.com)獨家提供,轉載請注明來源于本站。

    Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

    Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

    The Magician
    The revolution that Steve Jobs led is only just beginning

    When it came to putting on a show, nobody else in the computer industry, or any other industry for that matter, could match Steve Jobs. His product launches, at which he would stand alone on a black stage and produce as if by magic an "incredible" new electronic gadget (小器皿) in front of an amazed crowd, were the performances of a master showman. All computers do is fetch and www.702iv.com, he once explained, but do it fast enough and "the results appear to be magic". Mr Jobs, who died recently aged 56, spent his life packaging that magic into elegantly designed, easy-to-use products.

    The reaction to his death, with people leaving candles and flowers outside Apple stores and politicians singing praises on the internet, is proof that Mr Jobs had become something much more significant than just a clever money-maker. He stood out in three ways-as a technologist, as a corporate (公司的) leader and as somebody who was able to make people love what had previously been impersonal, functional gadgets. Strangely, it is this last quality that may have the deepest effect on the way people live. The era of personal technology is in many ways just beginning.

    As a technologist, Mr Jobs was different because he was not an engineer-and that was his great strength. Instead he was keenly interested in product design and aesthetics (美學), and in making advanced technology simple to use. He repeatedly took an existing but half-formed idea-the mouse-driven computer, the digital music player, the smartphone, the tablet computer (平板電腦)-and showed the rest of the industry how to do it properly. Rival firms competed with each other to follow where he led. In the process he brought about great changes in computing, music, telecoms and the news business that were painful for existing firms but welcomed by millions of consumers.

    Within the wider business world, a man who liked to see himself as a hippy(嬉皮士), permanently in revolt against big companies, ended up being hailed by many of those corporate giants as one of the greatest chief executives of his time. That was partly due to his talents: showmanship, strategic vision, an astonishing attention to detail and a dictatorial management style which many bosses must have envied. But most of all it was the extraordinary trajectory (軌跡) of his life. His fall from grace in the 1980s, followed by his return to Apple in 1996 after a period in the wilderness, is an inspiration to any businessperson whose career has taken a turn for the worse. The way in which Mr Jobs revived the failing company he had co-founded and turned it into the world's biggest tech firm (bigger even than Bill Gates's Microsoft, the company that had outsmarted Apple so dramatically in the 1980s), sounds like something from a www.702iv.com.

    But what was perhaps most astonishing about Mr Jobs was the absolute loyalty he managed to inspire in customers. Many Apple users feel themselves to be part of a community, with Mr Jobs as its leader. And there was indeed a personal link. Apple's products were designed to accord with the boss's tastes and to meet his extremely high standards. Every iPhone or MacBook has his fingerprints all over it. His great achievement was to combine an emotional spark with computer technology, and make the resulting product feel personal. And that is what put Mr Jobs on the right side of history, as technological innovation (創新) has moved into consumer electronics over the past decade.

    As our special report in this issue (printed before Mr Jobs's death) explains, innovation used to spill over from military and corporate laboratories to the consumer market, but lately this process has gone into reverse. Many people's homes now have more powerful, and more flexible, devices than their offices do; consumer gadgets and online services are smarter and easier to use than most companies' systems. Familiar consumer products are being adopted by businesses, government and the armed forces. Companies are employing in-house versions of Facebook and creating their own "app stores" to deliver software to employees. Doctors use tablet computers for their work in hospitals. Meanwhile, the number of consumers hungry for such gadgets continues to swell. Apple's products are now being snapped up in Delhi and Dalian just as in Dublin and Dallas.

    Mr Jobs had a reputation as a control freak (怪人), and his critics complained that the products and systems he designed were closed and inflexible, in the name of greater ease of use. Yet he also empowered millions of people by giving them access to cutting-edge technology. His insistence on putting users first, and focusing on elegance and simplicity, has become deep-rooted in his own company, and is spreading to rival firms too. It is no longer just at Apple that designers ask: "What would Steve Jobs do?"

    The gap between Apple and other tech firms is now likely to narrow. This week's announcement of a new iPhone by a management team led by Tim Cook, who replaced Mr Jobs as chief executive in August, was generally regarded as competent but uninspiring. Without Mr Jobs to shower his star dust on the event, it felt like just another product launch from just another technology firm. At the recent unveiling of a tablet computer by Jeff Bezos of Amazon, whose company is doing the best job of following Apple's lead in combining hardware, software, content and services in an easy-to-use bundle, there were several attacks at Apple. But by doing his best to imitate Mr Jobs, Mr Bezos also flattered(抬舉) him. With Mr Jobs gone, Apple is just one of many technology firms trying to arouse his uncontrollable spirit in new products.

    Mr Jobs was said by an engineer in the early years of Apple to emit a "reality distortion (扭曲) field", such were his powers of persuasion. But in the end he created a reality of his own, channelling the magic of computing into products that reshaped entire industries. The man who said in his youth that he wanted to "put a ding in the universe" www.702iv.com.

    1. We learn from the first paragraph that nobody could match Steve Jobs in _________.
    A) intelligence B) showmanship C) magic power D) persuasion skills

    2. What did Steve Jobs do that most deeply affected people's way of life?
    A) He invented lots of functional gadgets.
    B) He kept improving computer technology.
    C) He started the era of personal technology.
    D) He established a new style of leadership.

    3. Where did Mr Jobs's great strength lie?
    A) His profound insight about consumers' needs in general.
    B) His keen interest in designing elegant and user-friendly gadgets.
    C) His firm determination to win in the competition against his rivals.
    D) His rich knowledge as a computer scientist and electronic engineer.

    4. Many corporate giants saw Steve Jobs as _________.
    A) one of the greatest chief executives of his time
    B) a dictator in the contemporary business world
    C) an unbeatable rival in the computer industry
    D) the most admirable hippy in today's world

    5. For those who have suffered failures in business, Steve Jobs's life experience serves as _________.
    A) a symbol B) a standard C) an ideal D) an inspiration

    6. What was the most astonishing part of Mr Jobs's success?
    A) He turned a failing company into a profitable business.
    B) He set up personal links with many of his customers.
    C) He commanded absolute loyalty from Apple users.
    D) He left his fingerprints all over Apple products.

    7. What is mentioned in this issue's special report about innovation nowadays?
    A) It benefits civilians more than the military.
    B) New products are first used in the military.
    C) Many new ideas first appear on the internet.
    D) It originates in the consumer market.

    8. In spite of the user-friendliness of Apple products, critics complained that they were _________.

    9. Amazon, by having hardware, software, content and services ___________ in an easy-to-use bundle, did the best job in following Apple's lead.

    10. By channelling the magic of computing into products, Steve Jobs had succeeded in . ___________.

    8. closed and inflexible
    9. combined
    10. creating a reality of his own




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