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    2012年6月英語四級真題試卷 - Part IV 閱讀理解

    Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in depth) (25minntes)

    Section A

    Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage,

    One in six. Believe it or not, that’s the number of Americans who struggle with hanger To make tomorrow a little better, Feeding Action Month. As part of its 30 Ways in 30 Days program, It’s asking 48 across the country to help the more than 200 food banks and 61,000 agencies in its network provide low-income individuals and families with the fuel they need to 49 .

    It’s the kind of work that’s done every day at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in San Antonio, People who 50 at its front door on the first and third Thursdays of each month aren’t looking for God-they’re there for something to eat, St. Andrew’s runs a food pantry(食品堂)that 51 the city and several of the 52 towns. Janet Drane is its manager.

    In the wake of the 53 .the number of families in need of food assistance began to grow. It is 54 that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their next meal What’s most surprising is that 36% of them live in 55 where at least one adult is working.“It used to be that one job was all you needed.” says St. Andrew’s Drane.“The people we see now have three or four part-time jobs and they’re still right on the edge 56 .”



    A) survive I)formally
    B) surrounding J)financially
    C) serves K)domestic
    D) reviewed L)competition
    E)reported M)communities
    F)recession N)circling
    G)households O)accumulate


    47. K) domestic
    48. M) communities
    49. A) survive
    50. H) gather
    51. C) serves
    52. B) surrounding
    53. F) recession
    54. E) reported
    55. G) households
    56. J) financially

    Section B

    Passage One
    Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

    In times of economic crisis. Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression is any guide, we may see a drop in our skyhigh divorce rate. But this won’t necessarily represent. an increase in happy marriages. In the long run, the Depression weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do the same.

    We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job losses, By 1932. when nearly one-quarter of the workforce was unemployed, the divorce rate had declined by around 25% from 1929 But this doesn’t mean people were suddenly happier with their marriages. Rather, with incomes decreasing and insecure jobs, unhappy couples often couldn’t afford to divorce. They feared neither spouse could manage alone.

    Today, given the job losses of the past year, fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate households, Furthermore, the housing market meltdown will make it more difficult for them to finance their separations by selling their homes.

    After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and their communities, A 1940 book. The Unemployed Man and His Family, described a family in which the husband initially reacted to losing his job “with tireless search for work.”He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do.

    The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain Across the country, many similar families were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale(士氣). For some, the hardships of life without steady work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together. The divorce rate rose again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.

    Millions of American families may now be in the initial stage of their responses to the current crisis, working together and supporting one another through the early months of unemployment.
    Today’s economic crisis could well generate a similar number of couples whose relationships have been irreparably(無法彌補地)ruined. So it’s only when the economy is healthy again that we’ll begin to see just how many broken families have been created.



    57.In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to __________.
    A) tear many troubled families apart
    B) contribute to enduring family ties
    C) bring about a drop in the divorce rate
    D) cause a lot of conflicts in the family

    58.In the Great Depression many unhappy couples close to stick together because
    A) starting a new family would be hard
    B) they expected things would turn better
    C) they wanted to better protect their kids
    D) living separately would be too costly

    59.In addition to job losses. What stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?
    A) Mounting family debts
    B) A sense of insecurity
    C) Difficulty in getting a loan
    D) Falling housing prices

    60.What will the current economic crisis eventually do to some married couples?
    A) It will force them to pull their efforts together
    B) It will undermine their mutual understanding
    C) It will help strengthen their emotional bonds
    D) It will irreparably damage their relationship

    61.What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
    A) The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate
    B) Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships
    C) A stable family is the best protection against poverty.
    D) Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage

    Passage Two
    Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage:

    People are being lured (引誘)onto Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service without realizing they’re paying for it by giving up toads of personal information. Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages.

    Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Face book because people don’t really know what their personal data is worth.

    The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules Early on you keep everything private. That was the great thing about facebook you could create own little private network. Last year. The company changed its privacy rules so that many things you city. Your photo, your friends’ names-were set, by default (默認)to be shared with every one on the Internet.

    According to Facebook’s vice-president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information They have a “less satisfying experience”.

    Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. In original business model, which involved selling ads and putting then At the side of the pages totally Who wants to took at ads when they’re online connecting with their friends?

    The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington. In April. Senator Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy. He also urged the Federal Trade Commission to set guidelines for social-networking sites.“I think the senator rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,” Schrage admits.

    I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy, it’s only the beginning. Which is why I’m considering deactivating(撤銷)my account. Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don’t That’s too high a price to pay.



    62.What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph?
    A) It is a website that sends messages to targeted users.
    B) It makes money by putting on advertisements.
    C) It profits by selling its users’ personal data.
    D) It provides loads of information to its users.

    63.What does the author say about most Facebook users?
    A) They are reluctant to give up their personal information.
    B) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook.
    C) They don’t identify themselves when using the website.
    D) They care very little about their personal information.

    64.Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage?
    A) To render better service to its users.
    B) To conform to the Federal guidelines.
    C) To improve its users’ connectivity.
    D) To expand its scope of business.

    65.Why does Senator Charles Schumer advocate?
    A) Setting guidelines for advertising on websites.
    B) Banning the sharing of users’ personal information.
    C) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites.
    D) Removing ads from all social-networking sites.

    66.Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account?
    A) He is dissatisfied with its current service.
    B) He finds many of its users untrustworthy.
    C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused.
    D) He is upset by its frequent rule changes.

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